NO CURE JUST CARE
People with atopy (genetic tendency to develop allergic disease) are more likely to have problems with their skin being able to repair itself. The barrier function of the skin is often compromised, allowing greater opportunity for the development of irritation and allergy.
There is no known absolute cause. Contrary to popular beliefs, eczema has not been proven to be associated with food allergies. It cannot be cured, but symptoms can be controlled with moisturisers, topical and oral medicines, and avoiding triggers.
PRACTICAL POINTS TO AVOID ECZEMA FLARE-UP
Avoid soap, detergents and exfoliating scrubs.To remove scaling skin and for skin cleansing, use a fragrance-free, gentle, oil-based cleanser (like Opala Gentle Face Cleanser) as a soap substitute.
Pat gently with a soft towel to dry the skin – do not rub.
Apply a gentle, anti-inflammatory face cream (like Opala Gentle Moisturiser) at least twice a day to sore, dry areas. Avoid cosmetic moisturisers as these usually contain a much larger number of ingredients and potential allergens.
Make-up can irritate facial eczema, especially liquid foundation and mascara, so do not use it on affected areas. Mineral make-up is generally less irritant for people with eczema. If you suspect that your make-up may be an irritant, stop using it and introduce products one at a time, to see if any particular product is causing irritation.
Avoiding other triggers are also important, like too cold, too dry or too hot conditions, chemical irritants like detergents, solvents and thinner, smoke, dust, fibres, perfumes, household cleaners, fabrics like wool and polyester and stress.